Fiber is a natural nutritional component that remains undigested when it passes through the intestine of the human body. A low-fiber diet includes quickly digested and processed foods. The Low Fiber Diet (also known as a Low Residue Diet, which decreases stool size and frequency) reduces the amount of undigested food passing through the small intestines.
This is especially important for people who experience inflammatory bowel illnesses (IBD). Colonoscopy preparers may also have to adopt a low-fiber diet, as advised by their doctor. All the necessary nutrients of a number of low fiber foods can still be obtained with careful planning.
Who Need It?
Many adults need food rich in fiber to maintain a healthy digestive system. However, for some people with specific conditions, a high-fiber diet is not adequate to make a low-fiber diet a better alternative. Conditions that might require a bowel diet include
- An IBD flareup, including the disease of Crohn, ulcerative colitis or diverticulitis,
- Inflammation of bowel sections,
- Before or after bowel operations.
A low-fiber diet can lower the risk of bowel obstruction or reduce symptoms like bloating or pain if the bowel is obstructed.
What To Eat
Appropriate diet and other conditions affecting bowel are key to better management of IBD. Many people use a low-fiber diet for short periods only, while others can use it as an on-going technique. Although it is still important to try to eat a variety of foods when you follow your diet only for a short period.
Depending on the specific symptoms and sensitivity, the following foods can be included in a low fiber diet:
- Low residue foods include cornflakes and rice bubbles
- Gluten-containing foods, such as pasta, naan bread, rolls, noodles, biscuits, cream crackers, and white flour.
- Starchy, gluten-free food, for example, white rice, rice cakes.
- Skins-removed cooked potatoes
- Small amounts of skin-removed fruits like ripe bananas, melons, and tinned fruit smooth juice. Smooth butter of peanut
- Vegetables without peel, seeds, and stalks, smooth tomato sauce, sewn soups or broth.
- Small quantities of dairy products are only available if adverse symptoms are not caused
- Meat, chicken, pork, lamb, fish, eggs, or tofu.
What Not To Eat?
Many nutrient-rich foods are not included in your low residue diet like:
- Whole-wheat pasta, brown bread, seeded loaves.
- Breakfast cereals, including muesli, corn flakes, or cereals with added nuts and dried fruits.
- Vegetable skins, peels, and seeds.
- Cakes and pastries with fruits, seeds or nuts.
- Seeded fruits and leaves, including raspberries, strawberries, blueberries, pulp, fruit of passion, kiwi, bananas, cocoa, and fresh figs.
- Lenses, baked beans, kidney beans, and chickpeas are all pulses.
- Seeds, including, flaxseeds and sunflower seeds.
- Nuts and crunchy Peanut Butter, like walnuts, brazil nuts, almonds, cashews.
- Fatty meat or Fish with or the skin are still on with bones.
If it is difficult or painful to eat or digest, it is necessary to contact a physician. Patients with IBD may need significant support from a nutritionist in order to control the disease during rehabilitation. While much evidence disputes the best dietary solution to avoiding or delaying IBD relapse, evidence exists supporting a semi-vegetarian diet and diets of exclusion. A varied diet containing all the nutrients and calories needed for maintaining energy levels is necessary.